Americans with Disabilities Act

Policy TrackingDate
RevisedMarch 11, 2019
ReviewedApril 8, 2021

  1. Definitions:
    1. Disability – a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; has a record of such an impairment; or being regarded as having such an impairment.
    2. Qualified Individuals with Disabilities - a qualified employee or applicant with a disability is an individual who, with or without reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions of the job in question.
    3. Reasonable Accommodation – a modification or adjustment to a job, an employment practice, or the work environment that makes it possible for a qualified individual with a disability to enjoy equal employment opportunities.
    4. Undue Hardship - an action requiring significant difficulty or expense when considered in light of factors such as an employer's size, financial resources, and the nature and structure of its operation.
    5. Essential Functions – the fundamental duties of the position or the primary reasons the position exists.
  2. College Process for Reviewing Requests for Reasonable Accommodation
    1. The College will review all ADA requests and reasonably accommodate qualified individuals with disabilities unless the accommodation would impose an undue hardship. While many individuals with disabilities can work without accommodation, other qualified applicants and employees face barriers to employment without the accommodation process.
    2. Coverage applies to all qualified applicants and employees with disabilities. If requested, reasonable accommodations must be provided to qualified employees regardless of whether they work part-time or full-time, or are considered “probationary,” as well as temporary employees.
    3. The College is required to make a reasonable accommodation to the known disability of a qualified applicant or employee if requested and if it would not impose an "undue hardship" on the operation of the Institution’s business. Reasonable accommodation may include, but is not limited to:
      1. Making existing facilities used by employees readily accessible to and usable by persons with disabilities;
      2. Job restructuring, modifying work schedules, reassignment to a vacant position; or
      3. Acquiring or modifying equipment or devices, adjusting or modifying examinations, training materials, or policies, and providing qualified readers or interpreters.
    4. There are several modifications or adjustments that are not considered forms of reasonable accommodation. The College does not have to eliminate an essential function from the position, nor is required to lower quality or production standards to make an accommodation, as long as those standards are applied uniformly to employees with or without a disability. The College does not have to create a new position to accommodate an employee.
    5. The College is not obligated to provide personal use items needed in accomplishing daily activities both on and off the job (i.e. eyeglasses, hearing aids, prosthetic limbs, or a wheelchair). Furthermore, the College is not required to provide personal use amenities, such as a refrigerator, if those items are not provided to employees without disabilities.
  3. Employee Process to Request Reasonable Accommodation
    1. The employee shall inform their supervisor, division responsible or Human Resources Director of the need for an accommodation. Supervisors who have been notified by an employee of an accommodation need should contact the designated Human Resources official for assistance.
    2. The Human Resources Director/Designee may request documentation of the individuals’ functional limitations to support the request. Any medical documentation must be collected and maintained in accordance with appropriate confidentiality procedures. (The employee shall use the College’s Reasonable Accommodation Request Form to collect and document the information.)
    3. When a qualified individual with a disability has requested an accommodation, the employer may choose to consult with internal or external professionals such as Environmental, Health & Safety, legal, medical, or other related services or resources.
    4. The employer shall, in consultation with the employee:
      1. Discuss the purpose and the essential functions of the particular job involved.
      2. Determine the precise job-related limitation.
      3. Identify the potential accommodations and assess the effectiveness each would have in allowing the employee to perform the essential functions of the job.
      4. Select and implement the reasonable accommodation that is the most appropriate for both the employee and the employer. While an employee’s preference will be given consideration, the employer is free to choose among reasonably effective accommodations and may choose the one that is less expensive or easier to provide.
      5. The Human Resources Director/Designee will work with the employee to obtain technical assistance, as needed.
    5. The Human Resources Director/Designee will provide a written decision to the employee within a reasonable amount of time, not to exceed 30 calendar days from original employee request, unless a longer time is agreed upon by the employee and the College.
  4. Employment Applicants
    1. The job applicant shall inform the Hiring Manager, Selection Committee Chair or Human Resources Director/Designee of the need for an accommodation. Hiring officials who have been notified by an applicant of a need for accommodation should contact the designated Human Resources official for assistance. The Human Resources Director/Designee will discuss the needed accommodation and possible alternatives with the applicant. (See C. Employee Process to Request Reasonable Accommodation)
    2. Human Resources Director/Designee will make a decision regarding the request for accommodation and, if approved, take the necessary steps to see that the accommodation in provided.
  5. Appeals
    1. Applicants or employees who are dissatisfied with the decision(s) pertaining to his/her accommodation request may file a grievance in accordance with the North Carolina State Government employee grievance policy within 15 calendar days of receiving the decision. Applicants or employees may also elect to file a grievance directly with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Individuals who file a grievance directly with the EEOC may not, however, file a contested case with the Office of Administrative Hearing if the internal process has not been completed.

Blue Ridge Community College Policies and Procedures Manual